Krasnogorsky Zavod


On February 1, 1942, by the order of People's Commissariat of armament of the USSR # 63, a decision was made to create a new enterprise, State optical plant # 393, later knows as Krasnogorsk mechanical plant, in the territory of V.I.Lenin Plant evacuated to Novosibirsk in 1941.

Its specialization was also determined—development and manufacturing of aerophoto equipment and sight devices, as well as photo, video, and scientific equipment.

In 1944, specialized photo sniper FS-2 has become the first photo camera manufactured by the plant.

In 1946, plant trademark was registered—Dove prism contour, refracting light beam. In the same year, photo camera Moskva-1 was manufactured, which was meant for consumer market.

In 1948, Central Design Bureau was created (CDB).

By May 1, 1948, first 50 units of small-scale cameras were manufactured, later known as "Zorkiy" (Watchful). These cameras have become one of the symbols of Krasnogorsk. In the same year of 1949, industrial samples of electronic microscope were created on the plant base, which was created in cooperation with scientists from State optical institute, and which got the name EM-3.

In 1952, mirror small-scale amateur camera Zenit was put into production, which obtained wide popularity and became father of the whole generation of mirror cameras, which were improved every year. In the same year, cine theodolote KFT-10/20 was created.

In 1956, specialists of the plant created a unique cine theodolite KT-50, in which large-scale mirror-lens objective was used (main mirror diameter 600 mm, focus distance 3,000 m).

In 1957, camera AFA-39 was used to take first pictures of the Earth surface from 200 km high.

In 1959, the back side of the Moon was photographed for the first time. AFA-E1, created at the plant, was installed on the automatic space station.

On April 12, 1961, filming of launch of the Vostok spaceship with Yuriy Gagarin onboard was performed with the help of cine theodolite KT-50 developed at the plant.

At the end of the 1960-s, the plant developed and manufactured a number of products of state value: unique high precision astronomic device (HPAD) for photographing space objects to determine coordinates and trajectories by reference to standard stars of celestial sphere; large-size high resolution objective Mezon-2A, which is applied to photograph the Earth surface from artificial satellite; objectives for all-union TV-center Ostankino.

In 1964, the enterprise was first in the country to manufacture automatic photo cameras Zorkiy-10 and Zorkiy-11.

In 1966, the plant was awarded the Order of Lenin for merits in creation and production of new devices and successful fulfillment of plan for 1959–1965.

In 1968, Cabinet Council of the USSR gave Krasnogorsk plant a task to create stereophotogrammetric units SFU-1 and SFU-2, determined for high precision measurements to help specialists of the Mausoleum, responsible for the state of V. I. Lenin's body.

In 1971, together with a number of SRI first mobile infrared theodolite-radiometer Sobol to determine coordinates of flying object based on infrared emission was created on the plant base. Also, in the same year, special camera Zenit-BE was created on the basis of serial photo camera Zenit-B, which was used to photograph inner human organs through endoscope tools.

In 1972, new trademark of the plant was registered, which is its logo till the present moment.

In 1976, KMP was rewarded with the Order of the Red Banner of Labor for merits in creation and development of equipment production.

In 1979, the plant was named after Sergey Alekseyevich Zverev, former chief engineer of KMP and later Minister of Defense Industry of the USSR.

In 1993, a joint stock company of the closed type was created on the basis of JSC "Krasnogorsky Zavod" .

Since 1998, development of optical-electronic equipment Geoton-L1 have started, which is used to explore natural resources of the Earth and to prevent ecological catastrophes; in 2000, optical-electronic equipment of video spectrometer for small space modules Gamma.

In 2002, first fluorescent analyzer LAFA-1 was created, which is used to determine element contents of any natural and synthesized substances in automatic and dialogue modes.

In 2004, optical-electronic equipment is put in commission to control outer space.

In 2005, optical-electronic polyzonal units of distance probing of the Earth Gamma-L and Gamma-C were developed.

In 2006, optical-electronic unit for high resolution distance probing of the Earth Geoton to study natural resources of the Earth and to prevent ecological catastrophes was introduced as part of Resource-DK.

In 2010, the enterprise created observation unit with gyroscopic stabilization and digital registration of image Zenit CFR.

In 2012, JSC KMP celebrated 70 years since the plant renewal. Scientific-technical organization Community academy "Kontenant" was reborn on the basis of the enterprise. Besides, in 2012, the enterprise renewed manufacturing of objectives MC Mir-20M, Gelios 40-2, and MC APO Telezenitar 2,8/135, which are very popular among consumers, as well as opened brand-name multifunctional trade center— trade-exhibition center Gelios.

In June 2013, a successful launch of a space craft of distance probing of Earth Resource-P took place, with unique products of KMZ "ZENIT" on board: updated tools for distant probing of Earth Geoton-L1 and hyperspectral meter GSA, which work in normal operation mode. Another success was the works on development and manufacturing of first developmental prototype of the first domestic aerophototelevision apparatus with high resolution in real time mode for mid-heights.

Besides, KMZ "ZENIT" won tender and has signed a state contract with Roskosmos to work on "Development of technologies of light-weight main mirrors manufacturing for advanced large-size space telescopes with ultrahigh resolution for distant probing of the Earth."

Medical seats on new modification—colposcopes KNb-04LED-Zenit with in-built video system and KNb-04-01LED-Zenit with LED as light source—were introduced to manufacturing, as well as a wide range of photo objectives.